2 M atura Grammar Builder Key 7. have been doing / have done 8. have hired 9. haven t received 10.has been 1have finished 1have been taking 1have been relaxing 1haven t even answered 2 Present Simple & Present Continuous am not using don t remember Are you enjoying is trying goes 6. doesn t play 7. consists 8. am not doing 9. Do you understand 10.is coming They are currently building a leisure centre in our town. He usually drinks coffee three times a day. We don t often spend weekends in the mountains. Extreme sports are becoming very popular these days. He never listens to my advice. 6. We aren t spending our holidays at the seaside this year. 7. He is hardly ever late for work. are saving up are protesting against never drinks aren t coming by train; is bringing us don t make backup 6. turns into 7. are giving a concert 8. am staying with a friend 9. don t talk 10.watch the news 1are looking for 1depends on; take the bus 1aren t paying attention Where does he work? Who (What company) does he work for? Where does he live? Who does he usually see (in the afternoon)? What s he working on (tonight)? Who is he meeting (tomorrow)? 6. What does he have to prepare? 7. What does he say? 8. Where s he going (on holiday)? 9. Why isn t his girlfriend going with him? 10.How does Diego feel? are you smelling look Are you seeing have is looking 6. is having 7. Do you think 8. see 9. is thinking 10. smells 6.* are you doing am spending suppose Are you going need 6. am not doing 7. serve 8. don t we sit 9. is looking 10. goes 1 doesn t feel 1 do you have 1 am seeing Present Perfect Simple & Present Perfect Continuous been having decided been thinking been collecting been trying; managed 6. won 7. had 8. been putting 9. eaten 10.been fighting since for for since since 6. since 7. since 8. for 9. for 10.since have ever had have been correcting have only checked have been helping have also collected 6. have been waiting New political parties have recently appeared. We have been receiving complaints for the last few months. We have been taking steps to modernise the assembly line. The number of (its) listeners has reached 1,000,000. The level of water in the river has been rising continuously since last week. How many have you collected so far? Have you been waiting long? What have you been doing all afternoon? How long has he been running the business? How many times have you seen the film? 6.* have been walking; haven t covered has been showing; has been doing has been happening; have seen has been running has been cancelled 6. has let; have been observing 7.* have not spoken to Timmy have been living have never been to Poland has not been able have been informed 6. has been changed 7. have not eaten out for 8. has not been living 9. have been no earthquakes 10.has not been painted yet Past Simple & Past Continuous was sleeping Were you watching went out; were watching was shining was doing; stole 6. fell 7. left; was still sleeping 8. were playing; ran 9. came; was sitting 10. thanked; put We were having breakfast they were spending their honeymoon in Greece. she was having (spending) her holiday at the seaside. I was having a maths lesson She was walking with her dog 6. I was going to work. 7. I was studying in Paris. 8. The plane was flying to Cyprus. was opening heard turned off crawled was lying 6. came 7. started 8. were looking for 9. found 10. were trying 1 heard 1 was coming 1 managed 1 were packing 1 banged 16. ordered 17. grabbed 18. jumped 19. got 20. couldn t 2 was looking for 2 found 2 didn t want 2 took was leaving; arrived; brought knocked; answered; thought; was sleeping was jogging; saw; was running; saw; started was driving; heard; was talking; stopped; paid was enjoying; opened; came; was kissing; was Where were you standing? What did he ask you? What did you tell him? What did he do next? What was he cleaning? 6. What did he find?
3 7. Who did he show it to? / To whom did he show it? 8. Where did she come in? 9. What was he opening? 10.What did she try to do? 6.* He cut his finger badly while he was making sandwiches. They were having a drink in the pub when a fight broke out. He was mending a fuse when the ladder broke and he fell and hurt his knee. While we were studying for a test the next day, our neighbours were having a party. We couldn t concentrate so we decided to join them instead. Who was that gorgeous girl you were talking to when I saw you at the bus stop this morning? 6. I was reading a newspaper on the train when a mother with four noisy children came into the compartment. 7. She was crossing the road when she heard her name and saw a man who was waving at her on the other side. 8. While he was trying to put the baby to sleep because it was crying, he heard a knock on the door. 9. While they were sitting in the garden, someone broke into the house. 10.Mr Greenwald was shocked because when he came into the classroom, the (some) boys were fighting. Past Perfect Simple & Past Perfect Continuous had seen had been robbed had been working had returned had been waiting 6. had been painting 7. had been riding 8. had failed 9. had done 10.had done visited; had lived / had been living admitted; hadn t done had been answering; felt weren t; had taken had been going; decided 6. wasn t; had been promoting 7. crashed; had been driving / had driven 8. had been waiting; turned; explained; had got 9. got; had; had been playing 10.had been travelling; started; checked; realised; had been leaking After we had finished writing the exam, the teacher collected our papers. The teacher collected our papers after we had finished writing the exam. After we had bought a house, we had it renovated. We had the house renovated after we had bought it. He had been staying with his family for a while before he rented a small flat. After he had been staying with the family for a while, he rented a small flat. After he had been smoking for many years, he made up his mind to give it up. Before he made up his mind to give up, he had been smoking for many years. He had difficulty falling asleep after he had drunk too much coffee last night. After he had drunk too much coffee last night, he had difficulty falling asleep. 6. Before he sent his application to our company, he had been looking for a job for several months. After he had been looking for a job for several months, he sent his application to our company. It had been missing / had missed us terribly. She had locked herself out. He had been working on it for weeks. We hadn t taken a spare tyre. I had never ridden a horse before. 6. She hadn t been playing / hadn t played for a long time. 7. I had been driving for 12 hours non-stop. * had been walking for some time had made for the trip had lived / had been living there for ages had hoped to find had piled up some wood 6. had had the first warm meal 7. had been listening to it for some time 8. had given her such a fright 9. had been sleeping on the ground 10.had been a local curse Used to, would, be / get used to didn t use to be such fine toys used to be a shy girl used to be the shortest used to live next door didn t use to be so much violence 6. used to have a huge dog 7. didn t use to be a close friend 8. used to stand on the corner Where did you use to live? What toys did you use to have? What did you use to watch on TV? What did you use to study at school? Where did you use to spend your holidays? 6. What did you use to do in your free time? 3*. a c b b, a b 6. c 7. a 8. b 9. a 10.a * get used to driving got used to getting will soon get used to was used to going are already used to * used to sent didn t use are would sit 6. used to visit, lived 7. got used to 8. have had 9. used to live 10.was 1is used to being 1had 6.* not used to being treated used to sleep did not use to be got used to speaking would often take 6. did not use to 7. got used to living 8. used to take part 9. used to eat their dinners / would eat their dinners 10. did not use to see 6. Future Simple, Future Continuous & Future Perfect be waiting have leave agree be entertaining 6. be leaving 7. meet; be wearing 8. start; take 9. make 10. be going will be playing will regret will be going will try will be giving 6. will be, will be living 7. will get 8. will probably be sitting * Propozycje odpowiedzi: All forests will have been cut down. People will have colonised the solar system. Robots will have replaced people in factories. We will have used up all of the natural resources. Schools will have disappeared. 6. People will have made contact with other civilisations. 7. The whole Earth will have turned into a huge megalopolis. * will be holding will be will be offering will be arriving will be staying 6. will have been renovated 3
4 7. will start / will be starting 8. will take 9. will have modernised 10.will be listening 1will prove 1will play as long as By the time until while as soon as 4 * will be sleeping will have gone will be will have been working / will have worked will have got 6. will be sitting / lying 7. will have spent 8. will have attended / had 9. will be working / will come back 6.* will have been married for will you be waiting will have (already) left I will be flying / travelling / going will have been sent away 6. won t be long 7. will be playing tennis 8. won t have heard from 9. Will Professor Kent be attending 10. will have saved 7. Present Simple, Present Continuous & wyra enie be going to make / will make is starting come doesn t come will leave / leaves 6. is fainting 7. is leaving / will leave 8. will retire; have 9. am reading 10.will have She is coming back from her holiday next Tuesday. The students take their final exam(s). It opens next month. I m seeing her on Tuesday. I hope it doesn t rain tomorrow. 6. She s coming by train this time. 7. It expires next month. 8. I m staying here for a few days. am going to sit here aren t going to win today s match are coming tomorrow is going to collapse in a minute are going to tidy up 6. are leaving early 7. are getting married 8. am going to wash the car 9. are taking the kids 10.am going to go to bed early is going to be is staying leaves are going to make am going to get 6. breaks 7. is going to have 8. are going 9. is going to cry 10. finishes is he getting married to are you going (to go) does it start are you going to buy as a present / for a present are you going to wear 6.* Is she really going to are bound to win is due to arrive at on the point of giving are to leave 6. is (just) about to finish 7. is going to have 8. takes place in June 8. Future Time Clauses will tell; meet will talk; is have saved; will buy will look; am having will continue; have had 6. boils 7. Will; have done 8. will have; leaves 9. will need; sign 10.have made; won t be will jump; see will buy; are sitting won t be; have cleared up / clear up will get; have worked / have been working Will refrain; has taken 6. has reached / reaches; won t have 7. will take; bring 8. will pick; leave 9. will take; have boiled / have been boiling 10.will take; are waiting Propozycje odpowiedzi: I ll call you after I have come back from the office. We will not make a decision until we have gathered (gather) more information. We will arrest him while he is trying to leave the company this afternoon with some confidential documents. As soon as you give up smoking, you will feel much better. Once they have sent us a catalogue, we will discuss their offer. 6. I will tell him everything before he hears it from somebody else. 7. He will not listen to any advice until he gets (has got) his own fingers burnt. 8. After we finish (have finished) renovating the house inside, we ll clean up the garden. 9. Once she has made up her mind to leave the firm, we won t be able to stop her. 10.They will repair the machine when they receive (have received) the spare parts. 1We ll go shopping as soon as we finish cooking dinner. 1You ll try to sneak out of the house while she is watching the news. Propozycje odpowiedzi: He ll buy a new car as soon as he receives (has received) a loan from the bank. I ll have a haircut after I have passed (pass) my matura exam. They ll return the money when they manage to sell their car. I ll start studying for the test after I finish (have finished) playing this game. He will settle down once he finds (has found) himself a nice girlfriend. 6. The boss won t launch the new project until they have done some market research. 7. We ll go on holiday when we find an attractive holiday spot. 6.* When / Once will soon will Once / After 6. will 7. will 8. until 9. find / locate 10. will 1 while 1 will 1 until 1 will 1 After / When 16. will 17. will 18. before 19. go / march / proceed 20. until 9. Tense Review C C B C B 6. C 7. B 8. A 9. C 10.B were all sitting; heard; ran; had happened; saw; had been turned over are going; join; have been doing; will do leaves; haven t packed; miss; will have reached; were; had been walking have cleaned; am seeing; will do; am 6. has just arrived; is spending; is enjoying 7. are still driving; have been trying; haven t found; wants 8. want; hear; haven t seen 9. will have painted; have just watched (been watching); is going to rain 10. was; saw; knew; had been walking; had forgotten
5 How long has she been working with you? When are they arriving at Heathrow? How much have you written so far? How do I look? When did you last talk to him? 6. What were you doing when the fire started? 7. What will you be doing at this time next week? I haven t seen her for a long time. She has been watching them for years. we used to be a couple. they still hadn t repaired her car. We will be waiting in the car. 6. they are going to the mountains. 7. the gang had been preparing it for weeks. 8. I ll give you a hand with them. 9. Everybody was sleeping. 10. she plays bridge with (her) friends. * was driving had spent was reaching noticed have paid 6. will leave 7. had broken 8. hadn t been waiting 9. haven t eaten 10.was holding 1will have 1hates 1needed 1had entered 1heard 10. Modal auxiliaries: present & future forms needn t might shall Shouldn t ought 6. can 7. might 8. can t 9. mustn t 10.can t * She must have done this on purpose. They may (might) not have received our message yet. We couldn t contact you last week. You needn t have made 20 copies. He must have found out about our trouble from someone else. 6. I couldn t sort out these problems. 7. She can t have come here before we did! 8. You shouldn t (oughtn t to) have eaten all those chocolates! 9. At least you could have tried to contact me! 10. I might (could) have helped you if you d let me know earlier. 1 She may (might, could) have gone out to walk the dog. 1 We couldn t (weren t allowed to) wear jeans in the office. 1 You shouldn t (oughtn t to) have been so careless! 1 It was so dark that we couldn t see anything. * were supposed didn t have were able weren t allowed were obliged 6. were able 7. were supposed 8. were obliged 9. had 10.were allowed * B A D C B 6. A 7. D 8. B 9. C 10.C * must have been looking may (might) not have been informed has had to wear have not been allowed can t have been involved 6. may (might, could) have been sleeping 7. should not have been riding 8. citizens were obliged to / were made to carry 5 may / might shouldn t can t, must needn t can 6. mustn t / can t 7. Shall / Can / Could 8. may / might 9. can 10.ought a. allowed b. requested c. able d. better e. likely f. mind g. supposed h. like i. have / need j. need k. necessary * Can / Could / May I use your calculator, please? E I must take more exercise. C You mustn t smoke in the corridors! J You can stay here as long as you like. A Shall we eat out tonight? H 6. She may not have time to talk to us today. G 7. We must sell our camper. D 8. He can amuse audiences. I 9. They must be very friendly people. F 10. You should (ought to) set up your own business. B * D B C D D 6.* be able to need to have to / need to be allowed (able) to 7.* didn t need to get can be may spend a lot of might (may) as well have 1 Modal auxiliaries: past forms * might / could can t would may / might / could couldn t 6. might / could 7. ought 8. must 9. should 10. needn t 1 must 1 The Passive Strona bierna w czasach gramatycznych Their shoes are made of high-quality leather. The injured driver was taken to hospital by (in) an ambulance. The furniture will be delivered tomorrow. The main hall is being decorated for the party. The missing children haven t been found yet. 6. She was asked to make a speech at the reception. 7. The police were informed that a bomb had been planted at the stadium. was sent a strange letter from London last week. will be given special instructions soon. are taught languages from an early age. proposal hasn t been accepted. is visited by lots of tourists every year. has been made, is exported was arrested, is being moved will be offered was being followed had been broken 6. will have been completed is visited B have cars been made C was Mona Lisa painted B is the World Football Cup held C have been awarded A 6. was the summit of Mount Everest first reached C 7. was born B 8. is Paris situated C by with with / by in from / by 6. with 7. in / during / by 6.* are still being held was hijacked took were forced
6 was surrounded 6. still have not put 7. was hit 8. were covered 9. was tearing / tore 10. blowing / blew 1 had been broadcast 1 are reported / have been reported 1 is slowly being brought 1 have been removed 1 are being repaired 16. are being provided 17. have been preparing 18. will be used 19. will have been completed 20. will play 7.* was brought up by Their books are illustrated have been sold are made will have been renovated 6. is being watched by 7. was the accident caused 1 Passive voice with modal auxiliaries, the infinitive / -ing form; Causative have be blamed be kept be seen be allowed be taken out 6. be given 7. be disturbed 8. be fined 9. be thrown 10. be photocopied have been stolen be told have been arrested have been delayed be done 6. have been found 7. be bothered 8. have been forced is reported to have been stolen is considered (to be) the best surgeon in our country. is said to have been betrayed by his best friend. was believed to be flat. is expected to win the race. 6. was said to have supernatural powers. 7. is said to keep dangerous dogs. 8. is thought / considered (by some people) to be insulting. 9. is believed to have been made around 200 BC. * B C C A B 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. B 10.C * to be delivered being called being given to be modernised being told 6. be removed 6. are having their house renovated had the locks changed have it serviced will have it mended have them made 7.* had it painted had it made had had it (one) installed haven t had them developed have dyed 8.* have your eyes tested avoid being recognised should have been informed to be repaired urgently have been warned 6. to have the stairs renovated 1 Reported speech: statements and questions says say told say will tell would not help had gone was having would not tell needed 6. had never seen 7. would be waiting 8. had been seeing 9. would have been built 10. were (that) he couldn t make the decision at that moment. (that) she might not be willing to talk to us. (that) we did not have to finish the report that day. / (that) we did not need to finish... (that) he was getting engaged to Helen. (that) Mike had been arrested. 6. (that) he had to gather more information. 7. he was being followed. 8. he had never been involved in that affair. 9. we would have cleaned the flat by the time my parents arrived. 10. (that) he had seen a good film the night before. 1 (that) he would be ready to go before 10 pm unless something went wrong. 1 she didn t suspect anything. 1 the men had been looking for something. 1 we couldn t leave the shelter until he came back. 1 (that) he would be working late that night. C D A B C if he was coming with them. where I had been. what he/she was going to do. if I would be able to join them. how long I/we had been living there. 6. if my car had been repaired. 7. what we had been doing in there. 8. if he smoked a lot. 9. when they had last seen her. 10. where he/she should put the parcels. 6.* if would (could) be where had what were looking if would (could) how had been 6. if had 7. how much drank 8. if / whether were 9. if could count 10. had seen / taken / borrowed 1 Reported speech: commands and requests; various reporting verbs complained admitted explained declared muttered 6. whispered 7. boasted 8. swore 9. stammered 10.exlaimed She asked me to hold the door for a moment. The teacher told us to read the passage again. The doctor told him not to play for a couple of weeks. She asked him not leave her there. He asked his friend to phone him a bit later. A. advise B. remind C. offer D. threaten E. reprimand F. accuse G. inform forbade complained claimed agreed suggested 6. reminded 7. threatened 8. advised 9. informed 10. offered on seeing being not to go to cease fire to me that she was busy 6. us to prepare 7. to help me 8. being 9. to read 10. to take Could you stop the noise, please? I have to talk to the manager urgently. I really appreciate your help. Would you mind signing the cheques, please? You ought to take up swimming. 6
7 6. He apologised (to me) for causing so much trouble. Ben s mum didn t allow him to go out so late. He reminded his wife to collect his suit. His wife accused him of having an affair. He suggested taking a few days off. 6. He offered to carry her suitcase. 7. He asked his father to lend him a couple of pounds. 8. Brian introduced Jack to Mary (Mary to Jack). 9. He warned us not to touch the fence. 10. The teacher threatened to contact his parents. 7*. objected to being taken promised never to be (not to be) asked his brother s permission refused to consider that there had not been 6. advised me against employing her / advised me not to employ her 7. that I should spend 16. (To) Infinitive & -ing Forms agree; allow; decide; expect; hope; intend; manage; offer; persuade; promise; seem avoid; can t help; can t stand; deny; dislike; enjoy; give up; mind; adore; suggest let; had better; make; would rather seems gave up offered / agreed / promised make expect 6. promises 7. couldn t help 8. had better 9. manage 10.would rather taking being to sell to smoke getting 6. to change 7. to take 8. go 9. to receive 10.listening using being to pick typing; to answer to inform 6. cleaning 7. to apologise 8. to come 9. sitting 10. to have to do / to say sitting being to become / to be Shaking 6. To be 7. leaving 8. running 9. inviting 10. to abandon / 1 waiting 1 to learn / to use to leave 1 to help 1 going 1 to play 6.* not keen on playing succeed in raising while crossing In spite of being expect to meet 6. no good asking 7. is nothing to eat 8. not used to getting up 9. being able to resolve 10.order not to be recognised 17. Conditional Clauses E F A G B 6. C 7. D type 0, very likely, present type 2, unlikely, present-future type 3, impossible, past type 1, likely, future type 2, impossible, present 6. type 3, impossible, past 7. type 1, likely, future The dog won t bite you unless you tease it. / Unless you tease the dog, it won t bite you. Unless we offer to pay her, she won t help us. / She won t help us unless we offer to pay her. Unless I were starving, I wouldn t eat that! / I wouldn t eat that unless I were starving! He won t hear you unless you shout. / Unless you shout, he won t hear you. Unless it s absolutely necessary, they won t sell the house. / They won t sell the house unless it s absolutely necessary. doesn t arrive; will have lived; would see starts; will get hadn t met; wouldn t have quarrelled were (was); would give 6. hadn t tried (hadn t been trying); wouldn t have skidded 7. swim; will get 8. were (was); would be 9. always makes; don t do 10. hadn t been; would never have managed * hadn t gone have wasted spoke could understand Unless they sell had would get would have passed had studied 6.* weren t (wasn t); would have got hadn t split; wouldn t have were (was); wouldn t have lent hadn t eaten; wouldn t be feeling 7. If I were her, I wouldn t trust everyone around. If they had packed the TV properly, it wouldn t have got damaged. If he doesn t come, we ll have to handle the problem on our own. If Mark had access to the Internet, we could keep in touch better. If you don t help me, I ll get in big trouble. 6. If she had come to the conference, she would have known about the changes in our regulations. 7. If you didn t drink so much coffee, you could (would be able to) sleep properly. 8. If you jog on soft ground, it will protect your knees from too much pressure. 9. If our best player hadn t been injured, we wouldn t have lost the match. 10. If he didn t work so hard, he would have more time for the family. 18. Unreal Past; Wishes * It s high time Suppose He behaves as if I wish I d rather * could had had won found not go 6. wouldn t criticise 7. had had 8. told * were (was) did had would hadn t 6. weren t (wasn t) 7. didn t * were had told started offered wouldn t spend 6. had really been 7. didn t discuss 8. were 9. hadn t gone 10. made 1 had 1 had seen 1 see 1 had never left 1 would get * I wish you hadn t made fun of me in front of her. Suppose you were kidnapped, what would you do? If only she had an account. I wish I had gone with them to the mountains. It s high time you told your parents about this. 6. I d rather you refrained from smoking (you didn t smoke) in this room. 7
8 6.* hadn t chosen were wouldn t spend had gone sent 6. found 7. had 7.* had been able to rather you had not asked only I had followed you had missed high time you took 6. I had not bought 7. If only I had 8. you would keep 9. rather not make 10.he had decided to continue the, the a, - an, the, - a, the, the, the, - -, a 6. The, -, -, a, the 7. The, - 8. the, the, the 9. an, the, the, a 10. a, the, the, an 1 a, the, - 1 a, -, -, the, a 1 -, -, the, the, the 1 a, a, a, a 1 a, the, the the the a 6. an 7. the 8. the The 1 the 1 a 1 1 The 1 a the Verb Constructions Review C A D C B 6. C 7. D 8. C 9. B 10.D * had it stolen have been demolished they had finally for her being late. us to bring 6. we had listened 7. was being hauled 8. Heart is said 9. wish she had decided 10. had been collaborating didn t spend, took up, would feel will be announced / are announced had brought made would come / was coming 6. to be shown; calling 7. will reach; is done 8. was taken 9. thought; kicking 10.had had; working 1was postponed 1had scored; would have won 1being involved / having been involved; to let; contact 1be used; serviced 1were asked; would you consider 16.asking; to help; are prepared 17.leave; to be left 18.will keep working; is serviced 19.to talk; would be; putting 20.not going; had come; laugh * had new stairs made advised me to complain must be printed and circulated would not allow him to seem to be 6. I had had to do 7. instead of lazing about 8. She was offered 9. unless he is informed 10. looking forward to being sent 1 asked him to translate 1 rather you repaired the TV 1 wish Peter had taken 1 accused Danny of stealing 20. Articles an the the the a 8. an 9. the 10. in the USA. smashed into the pieces. get an X-ray done. go by the train? 3 6. at the seaside. 7. need an advice km an hour 9. The little girls the best best the next Next time 6. the time 7. the coffee 8. coffee 9. a cold 10. cold 1 hospital 1 a hospital 1 The night 1 night 2 Countable and uncountable nouns; Expressions of quantity C, mice U U C, boxes C, wolves 6. U 7. C, illnesses 8. C, washing machines 9. C, feet 10. C, aircraft 1 U 1 C, potatoes 1 C, loaves 1 C, mediums / media 1 U 16. C, children 17. C, stowaways 18. U 19. U 20. C, passers-by any is much little is 6. many 7. a few 8. some 9. a 10.no many; much some; much much few little 6. much 7. a few 8. many 9. a little 10. little; many piece bag sheet pair tube 6. jar 7. carton 8. pound * no more coffee left Her hair is really lovely! is not my favourite subject you got any questions? a lot of useful information 6. you need plenty of (a lot of) patience 7. plenty to do on the house 8. very little petrol left 6.* few little any couple lot 6. much 7. much 8. lot 9. much 10. none 1 lot 1 some 1 Neither 1 most 1 are 16. some 17. few 18. much 19. all 2 Pronouns and determiners: possessive, reflexive, emphatic, indefinite, demonstrative Hers Their, our us them you 6. your 7. mine them, her, her them, me it him them, mine herself myself, - each other yourself myself, - 6. himself look after yourselves (uwa ajcie na siebie) / look after each other (opiekujcie si sobà) 9. each other / one another 10. themselves
9 * friend of mine I wrote the composition (by) myself. help yourself to this belongs to us one of my 6. enjoyed ourselves 7. a name for himself 8. make myself clear 9. has not been herself 10. keep themselves to themselves / keep to themselves nothing everything nobody (no one) anywhere nowhere, nothing 6. someone (somebody) 7. anything 8. anybody (anyone) 9. anybody (anyone) / everybody 10.nothing (everyone) 6. that these those this these 7.* mine other her herself he 6. hers 7. myself 8. You 9. myself 10. anyone (anybody) 2 Relative Clauses that which whose which 6. whom 7. who who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 which is the most important river in the United Kingdom whose vision is rather poor who was a Portuguese-born Spanish sailor and explorer whose Mickey Mouse became the most popular cartoon character 6. who spent his early childhood in poverty 7. whose scientists are involved in space exploration programs where you pay which switches (turns) who works which produces where you can get (have) 6. which is 7. who looks we bought was in very bad condition. he was talking to was absolutely wonderful. he sent me contained secret information. I m waiting for hasn t turned up. we stayed in was of very poor standard. 6. they asked me to do wasn t quite legal. 7. he showed me were taken during the riots., who whom which which 6. whose 7. where that / which whom 1 which 1 whose 1 which / that 6.* He didn t know the language well, which made it difficult for him to find a job. This film is about a mad scientist whose experiments get out of control. The car crashed into a few passers-by, two of whom were seriously injured. I work for an IT company which is sending me to work abroad. / The IT company I work for is sending me to work abroad. He has got a job which involves working irregular hours. 6. They wanted to meet me in the evening, which didn t suit me at all. 7. She stayed in many hotels, some of which offered excellent service. / Some of the hotels she stayed in offered excellent service. 8. This is the lake where I used to bathe as a child. / This is the lake I used to bathe in as a child. 9. Mark, who is always on time, was late yesterday. 10. Next week I m staying in Hereford, where my brother lives. 2 Adjectives & adverbs formation; comparative and superlative forms A. sandy B. childish C. careful, careless D. selective E. Italian F. dangerous G. friendly H. reasonable I. Polish J. enjoyable Italian selective childish careless enjoyable 6. dangerous 7. reasonable relaxed amazed embarrassing boring disappointed un-: friendly, reliable in-: correct, active il-: legal, literate im-: passable, moral ir-: regular, responsible dis-: honest, graceful incorrect irresponsible irregular impassable disgraceful 6. illiterate 7. unfriendly 8. unreliable a beautiful stylish cashmere scarf an old wooden dining table a worn-out men s leather wallet a second-hand Volvo saloon car an expensive Parker fountain pen completely (totally) exhausted absolutely revolting absolutely delighted absolutely hilarious totally terrified 6. -ly: quickly, slowly -le -ly: reasonably, incredibly -ally: dramatically, systematically -ily: sleepily, heavily in a friendly, silly manner / way 7. cook very well. write as neatly as I used to. changed so unexpectedly drives extremely carefully. grammatical problems clearly. 8. near hardly highly easily Shortly 6. late; slowly 7. weekly 8. nice 9. deeply 10.bad 9. the easiest more modern quieter the funniest bigger 6. more tolerant 7. the most expensive 8. more comfortable 9. cleverer / more clever 10. the dirtiest 10. comparatively impatiently more carefully friendlier the least interesting 6. nervously 7. favourable 8. angrily 2 Noun Phrase Review much, this no which, many, - good your, mine 6. anything, him 7. furiously / none 8. a, some, the anywhere 1 himself, badly 1 those, any 1 cheaply, it 1 an, who, anything 9
10 your, no one (nobody), No one (Nobody), myself a, little (bit), something the, himself, the few, whose, mine, the most, less, most * too little money to continue Nothing must be touched not as expensive as yours. anyone (anybody, whoever) she likes has been growing rapidly 6. The car he bought 7. to keep this to yourself 8. Very few people 9. is not our plot / plot is not ours 10. everyone whose house 26. Clauses of Comparison much (a lot) faster a little (a bit) less nearly interesting much (a lot / far) better hasn t got as much experience as Mike (has / does) / isn t as experienced as Mike (is) has got a lot (many / far) more fantasy books than I have / than me is the tallest of us is less expensive than the necklace a much longer distance than (we did) yesterday 6. eat as much chocolate as he did / as he used to / as before 7. the most amusing movie I ve ever seen 8. earns so much as (he did) in the previous job 9. was the least suitable (of all) 10. taste as good as the other ones * The more you read in English, the more easily you learn the vocabulary. The older he grows, the more fussy / the fussier he is. The longer I persuaded him, the more stubborn he became. The longer we discussed the problem, the less likely it seemed that we d reach a compromise. The longer you put off the decision, the more difficult it will be to make one. as like like as like twice as much as his sister (does) has been learning German five times as long as I have written half as much as Mark has. as many goals as Jack (did) twice as often as I do (me) 6.* of the same as more and more so as the the 6. rather than 7. sooner than 8. than 9. as as 10. whereas 7.* more difficult than we the most experienced rather than wait the better I need to as much money as 6. becoming more and more popular 7. sounds like a very good 8. so cold as we 9. the least interesting of / far less interesting than 10. the same number of doughnuts 27. Adverbial Clauses: reason, result, purpose, concession, manner as because of as if in case while 6. despite 7. so funny 8. so that 9. despite 10. to avoid 1 to 1 as though 1 so 1 However 1 due to in case although so that In spite of as though 6. no matter how 7. to avoid 8. because 9. while 10. so 1 in order to 1 as 1 because of 1 such a * The sea was so rough that we couldn t go sailing. In spite of earning a lot of money, he doesn t dress smartly. You d better take the washing off the line in case it rains. She left me a note on the table so that I wouldn t (didn t) forget about the party. There were such a lot of people in the main square that we couldn t get to the stage. 6. Although it was raining / Although it rained, we didn t cancel the match. 7. We want to get to Lima tonight no matter how much it costs. 8. The boys wanted to carry on climbing whereas the girls preferred to take a rest. 9. She won t agree to help you however long you keep asking her. 10. Peter left the office a bit early in order to buy his wife a birthday present. 1 He lied to you about the incident because he was afraid of you. 1 We had to take a detour due to the bridge being under repair / due to the fact that the bridge was under repair. 1 She hadn t closed the window securely so the storm broke it during the night. 1 You look as if you could do with a long holiday. 1 I won t agree to whatever he suggests! 16. Could you park your car behind the house, please so that there is (will be) more parking space for the other guests? 17. Despite being a bit alienated from the class, he didn t care much about it. 18. We stopped at the motorway services so that Jane could buy some pills. 19. I sent him a bit more money in case he had trouble finding a job. 20. We had to give up the idea of going to the mountains for the weekend because of my brother s flu. * to avoid going down in spite of not being whatever their opinion is / whatever they think due to unexpected changes was so hot that 6. to prevent it (from) getting 7. because of his failure 8. such an unclear way that 9. in the same way as 10. as if he was going 28. Indirect Questions I wonder I ve no idea / I d like to know I can t remember / I ve no idea Do you happen to know I d like to know / I ve no idea I will have she has ever met you paid he had been staying want 6. she has changed 7. the conference will last / the conference is going to last 8. he got 9. she has never asked 10. you were doing where the railway station is. what I am going to do this weekend. when I last saw her. how old my boss is. what I would like to do in the future. 6. how long I have been waiting! 7. if I have paid the phone bill this month. 10
11 8. if you can see me tomorrow morning. 9. what time she came back home last night. 10. how many cigarettes I smoke a day! Propozycje odpowiedzi: I wonder if you could help me with my Geography project. Could you tell me if there are any trains to London in the morning? I d like to know if you ve still got tickets for Could you tell me how much this jumper is? Excuse me, do you happen to know how I can get to the Odeon cinema? 6. I wonder if I could leave class a bit early today. I ve got an appointment with the dentist. 7. I wonder if I could come for the check-up some other time. 8. Do you happen to know when she s coming back? 9. Could you tell me if there are any particularly interesting places to see there? 10. I d like to know when I will get my new set of speakers delivered. * where Judy lives when they will send where I (have) put how much he earns what time it is 6. what the kids are doing 7. why she was so angry 8. when he is going 9. if (whether) I will pass 10. how much he has paid 29. Question Tags c a, e b d, a, e a, d, e 6. a, d, e 7. e, d, a 8. b, c 9. c 10. d, a haven t you will you don t we can t you hasn t he 6. shall we 7. were you 8. does she 9. will you 10. will you 1 were they 1 is it 1 don t you 1 haven t they 1 aren t I 16. isn t it 17. would you 18. has there 19. will you 20. won t you (polite) B C B A C 6. A 7. B 8. A 9. C 10. A * You ve been collecting those stamps for years, It was a spectacular display, Carry the guests luggage into their rooms, You don t want to leave me here on my own, You are getting used to working here, 6. We will need to take on more staff soon, 7. You haven t been fighting again, 8. They serve good fish here, 9. You were looking for me this morning, 10. We really had a narrow escape, * You did? / Did you? She is? / Is she? You will? / Will you? It has? / Has it? You don t? / Don t you? 6. They were? / Were they? 7. You aren t? / Aren t you? 8. He has? / Has he? 9. There is? / Is there? 10. They won t? / Won t they? * Nor (Neither) do so did So are So was nor (neither) were 6. nor (neither) did 7. so will 8. Nor (Neither) can 9. nor (neither) could 10. Nor (Neither) have * Had I known earlier, I could have helped them. Not only can he do many sports well but he is (also) a clever student (as well). Little did we know about his private problems. Only after seeing (we saw) the sales results were we able to understand the situation fully. Never have I heard a more (such a) foolish story! 6. No sooner had I lain down on the sofa than there was a knock on the door. 7. Under no circumstances must you open the door to strangers! 8. Should you see Peter, will you inform me? lub Should Peter turn (show) up,? 9. Were I to find a job abroad, I d move immediately. 10. Such an influential person did he seem (to be) that we decided to ask him for help. 1 Seldom does he see his family. 1 Only if you know him better, will you understand his attitude. 1 Hardly had everyone left the building when there was an explosion. 1 Not until he s (has) improved his skills will he be allowed to join the team. * So that Only will Here lub There Had have Such 6. Never had 7. On can 8. Not did but 9. sooner than 10. Under can 3 Clause Grammar Review did she realise she was does he despite as though 6. so 7. than 8. such a 9. while 10. don t they 1 due to 1 so that 1 Had he been 1 in case * if you will be passing the post office. going to quit, are you? is he a talented singer but a brilliant guitarist as well. saying that he s a strict vegetarian, he often eats meat. in bed all evening because he felt unwell. 6. miserable did he look that we took pity on him. 7. where she went? 8. he wouldn t make a mistake. 9. the bike breaks down on the way. 10. had she said that than everybody froze in horror. 1 have I met a kinder man than Josh (is). 1 if he has ever done this before. 1 such a disappointing concert that we left early. 1 off the music, will you? 1 of being enthusiastic, they don t have much experience. 16. how much we offered to pay him, he didn t agree to help us. 17. avoid being seen (to go away). 18. if (though) she was going to faint in a moment Stylistic Inversion * Only Under There Such Should 6. Never 7. Little 8. Had 9. Were 10. So * had we entered called is my wife. will you be did he make he didn t want Were you 6. Had we decided we would have been 7. have I had 8. Should you be we will / would be 9. do some politicians realise 10. the police phoned did we find 1 had she left they tried 1 arriving / I arrived did I remember 1 did most of the other people 1 were my colleagues 1 are you / will you be M atura Vocabulary Builder Key Cz owiek I toddler fringe wrinkles piercing freckles II Age: teenager, adult, in their twenties, middle-aged, elderly, young, toddler, youngster
12 Height: tall, short, of medium height Build: slim, plump, stout, overweight, fat, thin, skinny, well-built Hair: short, shoulder-length, curly, wavy, fringe, bald, dyed, plaits, pony tail, dreadlocks, frizzy, parting Face: pretty, freckles, beard, clean-shaven, moustache, wrinkles, spots, handsome, pale, suntanned, dark complexion, earrings, piercing III flowery patterned checked striped plain 6. dotted IV Above waist: jumper, hooded sweatshirt, shirt, (Am.) vest, tie, T-shirt, cardigan, scarf, jacket, blazer, (Am.) undershirt, braces, pullover, anorak, tuxedo Under waist: shorts, skirt, tights, socks, (Am.) pants, belt, cords Underwear: bra, (Br.) vest, trunks, (Br.) pants, swimming suit, (Am.) undershirt Over the whole body: suit, tracksuit, dress, pyjamas, coat, raincoat, uniform, dungarees, tails, apron, overalls, robe, (Am.) tuxedo Footwear: socks, slippers, shoes, trainers, sports shoes, high-heeled shoes Headgear: cap, hat, veil V carrying wearing go suit matches 6. fit 7. suits 8. wear 9. dressed VI c a c b b 6. c VII Positive: friendly, outgoing, helpful, hard-working, easy-going, fun, funny, calm, sociable, honest, cheerful, reliable, mature, optimistic, sensible, polite, helpful, ambitious, kind, relaxed, sensitive, well-organised, witty, laid-back, sincere, modest, trustworthy, confident, devoted, considerate Neutral: shy, reserved, serious, strict, independent, determined, indecisive Negative: bossy, talkative, cynical, naive, lazy, mean, rude, impatient, dishonest, nervous, pessimistic, unfriendly, unkind, selfish, jealous, stubborn, arrogant, childish, disorganised, gullible, edgy, cheeky, thick-skinned, nasty, moody, bad-tempered, impulsive, touchy, immature, uptight, fussy, big-headed, grumpy, squeamish VIII Possible answers: stubborn, confident, big-headed, determined lazy, easy-going, idle trustworthy, reliable, dependable cheerful, happy, optimistic reserved, unsociable, shy 6. cynical, malicious, cheeky 7. disorganised, untrustworthy, unreliable 8. naive, gullible, childish 9. uptight, shy, reserved IX anxious nervous excited fed up disgusted X B C D E A 6. G 7. F XI at with about with of 6. with 7. about 8. up 9. by 10.of 1by 1with 1by 1about 1of 16.up XII a b XIII Odpowiedzi indywidualne Dom I block of flats detached house semi-detached house terraced house cottage II B C A E D 6. K 7. F 8. J 9. G 10. I 1 H III rug radiator ladder accommodation housing estate 6. remote (control) 7. doormat IV home home home househusband housewife 6. house 7. home / home / home V convenient busy; crowded noisy cosy; redecorated spacious 6. cramped; tiny 7. remote; isolated 8. safe; secure 9. economical VI three-room some rent lift some 6. share 7. system 8. advertisements 9. car park 10. a six-storey 1 self-contained 1 sill 1 wallpaper 1 carpet VII on from from 6. on 7. for 8. into 9. of 10. in 1 of VIII accommodation self-contained rent bedsit deposit 6. electricity 7. facilities 8. access 9. condition 10. tiles 1 air conditioning 1 entryphone IX Third girl to share a self-contained flat, near the tube, urgently, call in the evenings Modern, 2 bedrooms, air conditioned, fully tiled bathroom + separate toilet. 1 month deposit required. Call Hannah Newly refurbished first floor flat. Large double bedroom. Fully furnished. 5 minutes walk from Waterloo station. Call Room to let in 2-bedroomed flat near the tube station Parsons Green tube station. 160 per week inclusive. Call in the evenings. Single room available now. Refurbished. Intercom entry. 175 per week plus bills, close to amenities. Call Kensington, newly decorated 2-bedroomed apartment with wooden floors. A few minutes from the tube. 350 per week excluding bills. Call X a) a basement a whole storey of a building that is located underground / a cellar a single room that is located under the building, usually used for storing things b) an attic a part of a building directly under a roof / a loft a room or storage area under a sloping roof c) a landlord a person who owns and rents houses or flats to others / a lodger a person who lives in rented accommodation d) a tenant a person who rents a house from someone / a flatmate a person you share a rented flat with XI c a XII Odpowiedzi indywidualne Szko a I maths chemistry geography crafts biology II public school boarding school co-educational school vocational school state school 6. primary school 7. secondary school 8. sixth form college 12
13 III l e c f j 6. b 7. h 8. k 9. d 10. i 1 g 1 a IV study revise marks cheat certificate 6. report 7. graduated 8. learn 9. crib 10. pay V do: homework, your best, well, an exercise, an exam, a course make: use, a mistake, progress, a guess, notes, an error, a speech take: a driving test, an exam, notes, a course, a break, extra lessons VI to take a driving test made three mistakes make a speech to do your best take extra lessons VII catch up encourage degree entrance result 6. gap year 7. class 8. conscientious 9. blank 10. cover to cover 1 illegible 1 invigilator 1 extramural 1 inside out VIII influence tradition education online enrol 6. log 7. circumstances 8. remote 9. replace 10. Chat 1 revolution 1 advantage IX a c X a day student a pupil who lives in his / her own house while he attends school / a boarder a student who lives on the school premises pass an exam to be successful in the examination / take an exam to try to pass an exam traditional learning education that takes place in a school environment / e-learning distance learning via the Internet finals exams that students take to graduate from a school / entrance exams exams that students take to get to college or university XI Odpowiedzi indywidualne Praca I surgeon firefighter plumber conductor cashier II vet farmer travel agent scientist carpenter 6. traffic warden 7. hairdresser 8. nurse 9. secretary 10. lawyer 1 receptionist 1 beautician 1 copywriter 1 director 1 fashion designer 16. stylist 17. flight attendant 18. accountant 19. software developer 20. real estate agent III d g i a b 6. h 7. c 8. j 9. f 10. e IV job qualifications earns run with 6. tax 7. work overtime 8. fixed 9. Manual 10. appointed V c e a b d 6. k 7. h 8. f 9. j 10. i 1 g VI d b d, g a e 6. d, f, g 7. c 8. h 9. n 10. k, l 1 i 1 j 1 m 1 l VII A B I D E 6. G 7. J 8. H 9. C 10. F 1 K 1 L VIII a) a job a specific task to do or a position in a company / work a place of employment or activities resulting from employment b) an employer a person or business that offers you work / an employee a person who is offered work c) staff a group of employees of a company or business / a crew a group of people that do a particular job or operate a ship or aircraft; a team d) an interview a formal meeting to check if a person is suitable for a particular job / an audition a short performance given by an actor or musician to check if he / she is suitable for a particular role e) vacancy a position at a company that is not occupied / holiday a period of time taken off work or school f) be made redundant leave the company because the job is no longer necessary or your employer cannot afford to pay you / be fired leave the company because your work is not satisfactory IX c X Odpowiedzi indywidualne ycie rodzinne i towarzyskie I house-warming party date christening engagement honeymoon II aunt uncle cousins great-grandparents mother-in-law 6. brother-in-law 7. nephew 8. niece 9. next doors 10. bride 1 bridegroom 1 best man 1 bridesmaid 1 offspring 1 stepmother 16. in-laws 17. ancestors 18. descendants 19. siblings III Family-related: partner, couple, relative, ex-wife, twin, spouse, next of kin, relation, dependant, wife-to-be, foster parents, godparents, foster child, half-brother, ancestor, descendant, half-sister, godchild, forefathers, significant other Friendship-related: friend, boyfriend, partner, schoolmate, pen pal, mate, pen friend, steady boyfriend, buddy, playmate, confidant, companion, pal Other: flatmate, colleague, workmate, classmate, partner, ex-girlfriend, stranger, boss, neighbour, acquaintance, landlord, next door, co-worker, compatriot, tenant, lodger, rival, significant other IV Possible answers: family reunion, wedding anniversary, family values, to get married / divorced, to marry, to divorce, to get / become pregnant, mother-to-be, to raise a family, fatherhood, motherhood, mothering skills, etc. V Positive feelings: admire, fancy, attract, be fond of, be keen on, get on well, fall for, take to, idolise, look up to, turn on Negative feelings: can t stand, hate, look down on, put off, detest, fall out with VI an only middle to out 6. ceremony couple 9. eldest 10. up 1 to 1 stepfather 1 lodger 1 single 1 off 13
14 VII pregnant quarrel rate common argument 6. home 7. funeral 8. ceremony 9. anniversary / reunion 10. single 1 on speaking terms 1 for the sake 1 pain in the neck 1 for granted VIII a) a friend a person you know well and like very much, but who is not a member of your family / a colleague a person you work with b) to be at home to be in your own house or flat / to feel at home to feel welcome and familiar with the place c) a hen party is a party only for female friends and relatives of a woman who is soon getting married / a stag night a party for man who s getting married; only men are invited d) a compatriot a person of the same nationality as the person who is using this word / an ex-pat a person living in a foreign country which is not their own IX 1 b X 2 b Odpowiedzi indywidualne 6. ywienie I coffee machine pot grater crockery cutlery II Meat: poultry, beef, pork, lamb, turkey, bacon, venison, mutton, veal Fish and seafood: herring, trout, salmon, shrimps, carp, prawns, mussels, crayfish, cod, tuna Vegetables: potato, onion, peas, cabbage, cauliflower, garlic, cucumber, lettuce, beans, beetroot, red radish, leek, broccoli, aubergine, asparagus, horseradish, corncob Fruit: peach, cherry, strawberry, pineapple, pear, grapes, watermelon, blueberry, gooseberry Bakery products: bun, bread, roll, apple pie 6. Dairy products: butter, cheese, yoghurt, cream 7. Meals: starter, brunch 8. Other: rice, cereal, chocolate, pasta, honey, mustard, jam, pancakes, mushrooms III peel potatoes knife, peeler chop onion knife, chopping board boil eggs pot grate cheese grater stir sauce spoon 6. slice ham knife 7. squeeze lemon squeezer 8. bake cake oven, baking pan / tin 9. roast chicken oven, roasting pan, casserole IV proteins bakery calcium nutritional vitamins 6. fat 7. fattening 8. carbohydrates 9. preservatives 10. fibre 1 decay 1 caffeine 1 stimulants 1 starch V frozen stale taken away recipe leftovers 6. fattening 7. book 8. ingredients 9. dressing 10. junk 1 rotten 1 lay 1 tip VI a) a meal a time or occasion when people eat / a dish food which is prepared in a particular way b) cutlery spoons, forks, knives and the like / crockery cups, mugs, plates, etc. c) a salad a mixture of raw vegetables or fruit / a lettuce a plant with large, green leaves eaten as a vegetable d) GM food genetically modified food / organic food food obtained in result of natural farming processes e) lunch a light meal eaten in the middle of the day / brunch (breakfast plus lunch) a meal eaten in the late morning f) preserved food food that contains chemicals preventing it from decaying / fresh food food that does not contain any preservatives VII modified genetic crops grow fresh 6. enriched 7. transgenic 8. labelled 9. organic VIII Advantages of GM foods: w more powerful control of pests and weeds w more nutritional value of crops w a way to quickly improve crop characteristics Potential risks of GM foods: w unknown effects on human health w transferring crop traits to wild species w increased use of agrochemicals w irreparable damage to the environment w allergic responses to new substances in foods w increasing control of agriculture by biotechnology corporations IX Eating out: Dishes: starter, main course, dessert, Places: cafeteria, pizzeria, coffee shop Useful expressions: A table for two, please. I ll have Can I have the bill? Keep the change. Is service included? X a c XI Odpowiedzi indywidualne 7. Zakupy i us ugi I greengrocer s stationery (shop) florist s chemist s grocer s II E D A C F 6. B 7. J 8. G 9. H 10. K 1 M 1 L 1 I III shop bargain goods receipt queues 6. dry-cleaner s 7. reduced 8. cash dispenser 9. stock 10. stalls 1 beauty parlour 1 registered 1 current 1 an electronic purse 1 off-licence IV trolley change warranty wallet discount 6. video shop 7. complaint 8. dressmaker 9. operator V developed prints glossy flat assistance 6. key 7. copies 8. spare 9. copied 10. enlarged 1 stamp 1 registered 1 shortened 1 length 1 leaking 16. fixed 17. mobile VI B I, F E C K 6. D 7. G 8. A 9. H 10. J 1 F VII online Internet click delivery commitments 6. surveys 7. account 8. means 14
15 VIII a) a shopkeeper a person who owns or runs a shop / a shoplifter a person who steals from a shop b) a shop assistant a person who works in a shop / a serviceman a person who repairs or maintains equipment c) a shop window a display of goods so that they can be seen from the outside / window shopping looking at goods displayed in the shop windows without really meaning to buy anything d) an e-purse a type of credit card which you can use to do online shopping / a leather purse a small bag made of leather that women keep their money in. IX a X Odpowiedzi indywidualne 8. Podró owanie i turystyka I Car: a) bumper b) indicator c) engine d) windscreen e) wipers f) boot g) tyre h) wheel i) spare wheel j) steering wheel k) side mirror l) belts Traffic: a) pavement (Br.) b) roundabout c) crossroads d) U-turn e) pedestrian crossing f) traffic lights g) parking meter II catch a bus, cab, tram, train, underground book a room, ferry, plane (ticket) go by train, bus, plane, taxi, underground, tram, car, ferry lose (a) bag, ticket, luggage, suitcase, holdall miss a train, bus, plane, tram get in / out of the taxi, cab, car get on / off train, bus, plane, underground, tram, ferry board (a) plane, ferry hire a car III Train Verbs: change, take, validate a ticket; Other words: conductor, ticket collector, railway station, platform, ticket office, single, return, destination Bus Verbs: get on / off, catch, be delayed, validate a ticket; Other words: coach station, route, All-zone One Day Bus Pass, Seven Day Bus Pass, destination Tram Verbs: get on / off, catch, be delayed, validate a ticket; Other words: route, destination Plane Verbs: fly, take off, land, get on / off, book, be delayed, check in; Other words: pilot, crew, captain, board gate, destination, boarding pass, departure lounge, cabin luggage Car Verbs: drive, get into / out of, rent, hire, overtake, park; Other words: motorway, dual carriageway, destination Bicycle Verbs: ride, rent, hire; Other words: route, destination Underground Verbs: get on / off, enter, validate a ticket; Other words: platform, travel card, route, destination Taxi Verbs: catch, hail, park; Other words: taxi rank, destination Ferry Verbs: get on / off, enter, set off; Other words: crew, captain, destination IV flight drive / excursion / trip journey crossing excursion / trip 6. expedition V 3 7 A driving licence is a document which allows you to drive a car. 7 A B&B = A Bed & Breakfast sign means that you can stay at that place for a night (or longer) and have breakfast To hit the road means to set out on a journey To tow a car means to have it pulled by another vehicle because the car has broken down An itinerary is a detailed plan of a journey. VI in missed run ticket commute 6. cruise 7. voyage VII Book a room for one night / two nights, Get to the hotel airport / city shuttle Breakfast included full board, half board Check in / out leave valuables for safekeeping Call the reception desk vacancy, charge per night A single / double room looking onto the street Call the room service push-button room service VIII package holiday direct trip tour Travelling 6. accommodation 7. guide 8. validator 9. vacancy 10. carriageway 1 chalet 1 hitch-hiker 1 double IX a X a) a single ticket a one-way ticket / a return ticket a two-way ticket b) a backpack a bag with straps that you carry on your shoulders / a suitcase a bag or a box with a handle and a hard frame c) a trip a journey that you make to a particular place, for a specific purpose / a journey travelling from one place to another by a particular means of transport d) package holidays on a package holiday you have everything (the package) arranged for you by the travel agent / going backpacking travelling with a backpack and looking for accommodation on the spot XI Odpowiedzi indywidualne 9. Kultura I painting theatre sculpture literature music II Possible answers: Painting: still life, abstract, frame Art: art gallery, collection, museum, graphic Reproductions: fake, inexpensive Concert: playback Display: portrait III Painting: palette, Sculpture: hammer, clay, chisel, sculptor, gallery Music: composer, musical instruments, notes, concert, musician, orchestra, band, singer, conductor, choir, soloist, opera house Literature: editor, publisher, bookshop, library, book fair, writer Film: star, cast, director, audience, producer, viewers, box office Theatre: play, playwright, performance, director, audience, dancer Photography: exhibition, camera Graphics: gallery, poster, graphic designer IV D G I B H 6. E 7. F 8. C 9. A V review scene plot exhibition viewer 6. cover 7. live 8. library 9. on 10. book fair 1 festival 1 channel 1 expression 1 stalls 1 circle 16. foyer 17. rehearsals 18. event 19. art form 20. dubbed 15
16 VI H D A F G 6. B 7. C 8. E 9. J 10. I VII display entertainment chapter effects date 6. album 7. lyrics 8. fiction 9. tune 10. matinée 1 usherette 1 audition 1 masterpiece 1 works 1 still lifes 16. landscape 17. canned 18. fake VIII plot, programme pastime, reproductions concert, live hit, nominated IX dull involving nursery rhyme baton leaflet 6. loudspeaker X a) a band: a small musical group playing a popular type of music / an orchestra: a large group of musicians who play different instruments together. Orchestras usually play classical music. b) a celebrity: a famous person, especially one connected with show business / a celebration: an event organised on a special occasion c) a bookworm: a person who loves reading and browsing through books / a librarian: a person who works in a library d) an announcer: a person who introduces programmes on radio or television / a speaker: someone who is giving a talk, e.g. at a meeting XI Odpowiedzi indywidualne 10. Sport I pole vault archery fencing high jump scuba diving II referee fencers archer umpire / referee canoeist III A. Sport: ice hockey; People: ice hockey players B. Sport: rowing; People: canoeists C. Sport: golf; People: golfers D. Sport: bowling; People: bowlers E. Sport: football; People: footballers F. Sport: tennis; People: tennis players IV A. play basketball, football, volleyball, ice hockey B. go skiing, jogging, boating, sailing, swimming C. do athletics, karate, yoga, judo, kick-boxing V D A G C, E, I I 6. H 7. E, H 8. F 9. B, E VI rowing: crew, amateur figure skating: championships, judges tennis: outdoors, game, balls football: goalkeeper, kicks VII take up interesting spectators a draw does 6. broke 7. holds 8. by 9. for 10.baton VIII final score race blew drug test scoreboard 6. beat 7. bronze 8. championship 9. coach 10. track events 1 opponent 1 love 1 lead 1 commentator 1 outlet IX a) a leisure centre a place where people can do many different sports activities, take exercise classes, etc. / a stadium a building for public events, esp. sports and large rock music concerts, consisting of a playing field surrounded by rows of seats b) extreme sports very dangerous activities such as bungee jumping, skydiving or the street luge / martial arts methods of fighting developed in the Far East c) a winner a person who has won a competition, game or race / a runner-up a person who has come second in a race or competition d) a golf club a stick used to hit the golf balls or an association for playing golf / a golf course a large area of grass designed specially for playing golf X a XI Odpowiedzi indywidualne 1 Zdrowie I headache broken arm stomachache runny nose rash II Hangover / Advice: drink water and lemon tea, take an aspirin Insect bite / Symptoms: blister / Advice: rinse with disinfectant, apply suitable lotion Sprained ankle / Symptoms: it s red and swollen / Advice: have an X-ray, fetch the doctor Allergy / Symptoms: sore eyes, runny nose, hay fever / Advice: stay inside, apply eye drops Common cold / Symptoms: runny nose, shivers, fever / Advice: see the doctor, stay inside, take an aspirin III D E C B A 6. F IV prescription an appointment sick health centre examined 6. injection 7. potato 8. from 9. run down 10. filled 1 agony 1 plaster 1 a plaster 1 aches 1 insurance V swollen a plaster / a dressing vaccinations / inoculations injured, hurt waiting room 6. eyesight 7. stretcher 8. lozenges 9. The disabled 10. fatal 1 Life expectancy VI infectious cancer bruises blisters bites 6. cut 7. scar 8. allergic 9. rash VII E F G A, B, E, F D 6. H 7. C 8. A, D, E 9. K, L, P 10. M 1 M, N 1 O 1 R 1 O, P 1 J 16. I 17. K VIII a b IX a) a receipt a piece of paper which proves that you have bought something from a shop / a prescription a piece of paper that a doctor gives you that says what type of medicine you need b) life expectancy the length of life typical of a group of people or animals / a person s age the number of years that someone has lived c) to be cold to experience unpleasantly low temperature / to have a cold to suffer from symptoms such as cough, runny nose, fever 16
17 d) alternative treatments types of therapy such as acupuncture, acupressure, hypnosis, etc. not included in the traditional medicine / conventional medicine traditional methods of treatment, including mechanical and chemical therapy e) a medicine a substance that you take to treat an illness, usually a liquid, tablets, or a powder / a remedy a cure for pain or a minor illness f) to be hooked on something to enjoy something so much that it takes most of your time and attention; also: to be addicted to something / to be fond of something to feel affection for something, to like something very much X Odpowiedzi indywidualne 1 Nauka, technika I mobile phone / cell phone food processor camcorder abacus microwave oven II Archaeology: study of ancient societies, done by examining buildings, tools, graves, bones, and other things from that time that have been found. Scientist: archaeologist. Civil engineering: designing and building roads, bridges, public buildings and private houses. Scientist: civil engineer. Environmental engineering: study of things related to the natural world and the effects of human activity. Scientist: environmental engineer. Genetic engineering: study and manipulation of DNA. Scientist: geneticist. Information technology: study of technology related to the transfer of information (computers, telecommunications). Scientist: information technologist. 6. Linguistics: study of language and how it works. Scientist: linguist. III B B, A, E A, E F E, B 6. C, D 7. G IV scientist 4, 7 explorer 1, 6 inventor 2, 5 researcher 3, 8 V ballpen a) ink b) plant c) network d) communication phone e) mouthpiece f) earpiece g) signals VI electric order spare cut Click 6. invented 7. shock 8. work 9. socket 10. insulated 1 remote control VII text messaging inconvenience cordless disposable zapper 6. enabled 7. indispensable VIII creation clone organs possibility nature 6. experiments 7. cloning IX a) a camera equipment used for taking photographs / a camcorder a portable video camera which records both pictures and sound b) an fast electronic mail sent via the Internet / snail mail traditional mail delivered by postmen c) an invention machine or device that someone has developed for the first time / a discovery finding or seeing for the first time something that already exists d) hardware all devices that a computer (or other machines) consists of / software computer programmes and applications X Odpowiedzi indywidualne 1 Âwiat przyrody I flood fire drought hurricane lightning II Insects: mosquito, ant, fly, butterfly, cockroach Fish: salmon, tuna, shark, trout, herring Birds: pigeon, lark, eagle, sparrow, goose, stork, falcon, pheasant, swallow, nightingale Amphibians: frog, toad, tadpole Reptiles: crocodile, snake, tortoise, lizard Mammals: fox, lion, deer, kangaroo, bear, camel, wolf, tiger, whale, panda, dolphin, rabbit III D G J A C 6. H 7. E 8. I 9. B 10. F IV C J B F G 6. A 7. I 8. E 9. H 10. D V extinct fertilisers, sewage catalytic converters unleaded petrol waste 6. solar 7. species 8. refugees 9. greenhouse effect 10. ecosystem 1 plant life 1 hydroelectric 1 ivory 1 oil spills 1 caps 16. congestion 17. Organic 18. control 19. Contaminated 20. conservationist VI Global warming is caused by greenhouse effect. 7 Exhaust fumes are produced by cars and other vehicles that run on petrol or oil Trees absorb CO 2 and produce oxygen A contaminant is a substance that pollutes the environment Eco-warriors are people who protect the environment. VII C G E F B 6. H 7. D 8. A VIII exhaust fumes pine plant car park ice cream IX a) endangered species animals which are in danger of dying out / extinct species animals that no longer exist b) flood a flood happens when a dry area is covered by water / drought a long period of time without rainfall c) green products things whose process of manufacturing does not harm the environment / industrial products things produced on a large scale whose process of production pollutes the natural environment d) a polluter a person or company that pollutes / a pollutant a chemical substance which pollutes the environment e) renewable energy sources ways of producing energy which are always available: wind, water, sunlight / fossil fuels coal, gas or oil which is obtained from decayed remains of plants or animals f) recycle processing already used things so that they can be used again / dump an open place where rubbish is left X Odpowiedzi indywidualne 17
18 1 Paƒstwo i spo eczeƒstwo I vandalism arson burglary pickpocketing shoplifting II Suggested answers: murder: kill, assassination burglary: burglar, break into hijacking: take hostage manslaughter: kill blackmailing: threaten mugging: steal petty crime: speeding, fine III Suggested answers: be charged with, dealer fake, counterfeit, falsify, false, forged take hostage, terrorise, terrorist 6. demand a ransom, pay a ransom 7. kill, be accused of 8. mug, steal, attack someone 9. victim, commit murder 10. illegal copying, copyright 1 rapist, be raped 1 steal, shoplifter 1 terrorise, attack 1 steal, thief 1 pay a fine, destroy, hooligan, offender IV witness suspect sentence punishment hooligans 6. warden V E F G B C 6. D 7. A 8. J 9. L 10. H 1 M 1 I 1 K VI are plain sentence mugged minor 6. penalty 7. station 8. committed 9. the 10. charged 1 detention 1 service 1 from 1 pleaded 1 petty 16. investigate 17. trial 18. liable VII UNICEF The United Nations Children s Fund AI Amnesty International EU The European Union UN The United Nations UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation WHO World Health Organisation FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations OPEC Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation VIII parties representatives election government leader 6. coalition 7. opposition 8. seat 9. ballot 10. policy 1 chambers 1 poll IX military serve break force treaty 6. withdraw 7. prisoner 8. detained X pension scholarships benefits incomes social 6. tensions 7. subsidised 8. eligible 9. welfare XI a) crate b) damage c) risky d) diseases e) unwanted a) street b) released c) rent d) charity e) shelters a) registered b) right c) benefit d) regions XII nuclear weapons weapons whose destructive power comes from radioactive material / conventional weapons all weapons and arms that do not contain nuclear material political refugees people who had to flee from a country or area for political reasons / environmental refugees people who had to migrate to other areas because their lands have been destroyed or polluted peace a long, steady period without a war / ceasefire an agreement to stop fighting for a period of time, esp. so that a more permanent agreement can be made guerillas unofficial military troops, often fighting against the government / military troops an army controlled by a government XIII Odpowiedzi indywidualne 1 Elementy wiedzy o krajach angielskiego obszaru j zykowego I The Republic of Ireland Dublin Northern Ireland Belfast England London Scotland Edinburgh Wales Cardiff 6. The United States Washington D.C. 7. Canada Ottawa 8. Australia Canberra 9. New Zealand Wellington II St. Patrick s Day: 17.03; Ireland, the USA; The day celebrated with parades, speeches, festive dinners, and dances. Green is the color of the day, with thousands of little cloth shamrocks. Independence Day: 007; the USA; America s annual birthday party family events with picnics, barbecues and fireworks. Thanksgiving: 4 th Thursday of November (US), 2 nd Monday of October (Canada); first celebrated in 1621 after a very good harvest. Nowadays it s a time of thanks, family gatherings and holiday meals including turkey, stuffing and pumpkin pie. Guy Fawkes Night: 011; Great Britain; celebrated to the memory of Guy Fawkes who planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament in 160 Celebrated with bonfires, fireworks and effigies carried in the streets. Columbus Day: 110; the USA; first celebrated in 1792 on the 300 th anniversary of Columbus first voyage. Veterans Day: 111; the USA; the anniversary of the Armistice which was signed in the Forest of Compiegne by the Allies and the Germans in 1918, ending World War I. Pancake Day: Tuesday before the beginning of Lent; England; celebrations include the Pancake Day Race at Olney in Buckinghamshire which has been held since 1445 and the Annual Pancake Grease at Westminster School in London. Valentine s Day: 102; all English-speaking countries; a day for the exchange of valentines (romance cards) and other tokens of affection. Halloween: 310; the USA, Great Britain; celebrations include dressing up as ghosts, witches and the like and children walking from home to home asking trick or treat?. Boxing Day: 26.12; Great Britain and other English-speaking countries (excluding the US!); people give presents to tradesmen, mail carriers, doormen, porters, and others who have helped them. Banking Holiday: all public holidays plus First Monday in May Early May Bank Holiday, Last Monday in May Spring Bank Holiday, First Monday in August Summer Bank Holiday (Scotland only), Last Monday in August Summer Bank Holiday (not Scotland); England, Scotland and the USA (the holiday is known as Federal Holiday); They are called bank holidays because they are days upon which banks are (or were) shut and therefore (traditionally) no other businesses could operate. Hogmanay: 312; Scotland; There are traditions before midnight such as cleaning the house on 31st December (including taking out the ashes from the fire in the days when coal fires were common). There is also the superstition to clear all your debts before the bells at midnight. Immediately after midnight it is traditional to sing Robert Burns For Auld Lang Syne. Mothering Sunday: the fourth Sunday in Lent; Great Britain; children give cards and presents to their mothers. III The USA: the Big Apple, Yellowstone, NASA, the Empire State Building, Broadway, the Statue of Liberty, the Golden Gate Bridge, Central Park, Great Canyon, Niagara Falls, Pentagon, Silicon Valley, Ivy League, Dixieland England: Madame Tussaud s, Stonehenge, Cockney, Westminster Abbey, the Tower Bridge, Harrod s, Hyde Park, the rose, Fleet Street 18
19 Scotland: kilt, bagpipe, clan, the thistle, tartan Ireland: Emerald Isle, the shamrock Australia: Aborigines, dingo, outback, Ayers Rock, wombat Canada: maple leaf, Niagara Falls IV a) constitutional monarch politically decisions written 6. Conservative b) constitutional Representatives government education environmental 6. Democratic c) official representing governed leader V a c a b a 6. a 7. c 8. b 9. a 10. a 1 b 1 b 1 a 1 a 1 c 16. b 17. c 18. a VI a) GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) an exam taken by students at the age of 15 or 16 in core and additional subjects / A-levels (Advanced levels) non-compulsory examinations taken by students at the end of their secondary education (at the age of 18) b) a public school (UK) an exclusive private school where parents have to pay tuition fees. Well-known public schools of this type are Eton, Winchester, Harrow / a public school (US) a tuition free school supported by taxes and controlled by a school board c) fraternities social clubs for male university students, often with secret names in Greek letters, and initiation rites / sororities social clubs or associations for female university students d) SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Tests or Scholastic Achievement Tests) standardised tests used by colleges and universities in the USA to help in the selection of new students / FCE (The Cambridge First Certificate in English) one of Cambridge exams in English for speakers of other languages at upper intermediate level VII Odpowiedzi indywidualne M atura Skills Builder Key Rozumienie ze s uchu Poziom podstawowy Nie taki diabe straszny... CD1/2 (przyk ad) Christmas is something to look forward to. I d be happy to give it all up. My father s eyesight has got worse. I usually have a little something. We always clash over 6. I usually eat like a bird. 7. Unless I ve tried a bit of everything 8. It s OK with me. 9. My brother s kids go nuts. 10. (It) usually gets my brother into a long and loud quarrel with my parents. 1Both use the same arguments they used last year. CD1/3 Podczas s uchania zwróç uwag na kontekst, w jakim pojawiajà si s owa, które mog yby sugerowaç innà odpowiedê; nale y jednak wykluczyç je na podstawie wnikliwego zrozumienia treêci zdania. Jemma a teacher / s owa kluczowe: lesson, kids, school; s owa do odrzucenia na podstawie kontekstu: a businesswoman I used to be a busy businesswoman ( ) wasn t for me. Susan a puppeteer / s owa kluczowe: travelling theatre, puppets, career; s owa do odrzucenia na podstawie kontekstu: a lion tamer If I told people ( ) to become a lion tamer; a trapeze dancer I ve worked in the circus before ( ) broke my leg, and that ended it; Nicky an accountant / s owa kluczowe: an accountant, a nine-to-five job, the office; s owa do odrzucenia na podstawie kontekstu: a teacher, a nurse, a doctor it s not easy when you re a teacher ( ), but it s not that tough when you re an accountant (kontekst zdania kieruje uwag na s owo accountant) Rozdzia 1 CD1/4 Zadanie egzaminacyjne G C A E D 0. (przyk ad) B 6. H 7. F Rozdzia 2 CD1/5,6 CD1/5 E CD1/6 Wydarzenia wymieniane sà w tekêcie raczej w sposób tematyczny, ani eli chronologiczny. Wydarzenia w obr bie danej grupy równie nie zawsze wyst pujà w kolejnoêci chronologicznej (porównaj odpowiedzi C i F). F (1480) C ( ) A (1487) E (1497) G (1500) 6. B (1507) 7. D (1510) Rozdzia 3 CD1/7 D bike seems an ideal means of holiday transport. A bike is the perfect choice. CD1/7 D F A E B 6. C the advantages of travelling by bike: Unlike all others, it is environmentallyfriendly, and good for your body. You are not dependent on schedules, no need to queue for tickets, and you can get to places even if there are no proper roads that a car would need. buying a bike that is good for us: but before you decide what bike to buy, think about where you will travel and what roads you will have to take. A shop assistant should be able to help you choose what s best for you. making sure the bike is designed properly: make sure the frame is steel and not aluminium, and the components fitted to the bike are strong and simple. being appropriately dressed for the trip: The most important one is a helmet, which will protect your head in a crash but will also provide shade. You might consider buying special clothing, but it s not absolutely necessary, unless you re going to travel a few hours a day. securing your bike: it is important that you get a good lock to keep your bike safe. A U-lock is the strongest lock you can buy. extra accessories for the trip: don t forget to take some spare parts with you, especially a pump, and some basic tools, but not too many. A piece of equipment you mustn t leave without are lights. Make sure you ve got batteries for them or a dynamo. Rozdzia 1 CD1/8 1, Stephen CD1/8.1 T: zwróç uwag na parafraz : Being a teenager is difficult, it s always been difficult = has never been easy. F: Now, they say nie jest równoznaczne ze stwierdzeniem z çwiczenia: All teenagers say ; t umaczymy ten zwrot raczej jako potoczne mówi si, powiadajà itp. F: what we did seemed unacceptable to many parents stwierdzenie w çwiczeniu: no parent could understand jest przesadzone. 3, Lisa CD1/8.2 F: zwróç szczególnà uwag na stwierdzenie: I m the mother of not one, but two teenage girls. T: I can t remember whether it was Jackie or Just Seventeen, what s the difference, anyway? to pytanie wyraênie sugeruje, i Lisa nie widzi wi kszej ró nicy mi dzy poszczególnymi czasopismami w çwiczeniu: Lisa thinks teenage magazines are all alike. F: I can t say I didn t like (nale y rozumieç: I liked) those sections myself when I was a kid T: It wasn t as primitive as it is now, nothing but sex, partying, and drugs; Porównaj: Lisa doesn t think ( ) are good now. 19
20 5,6. Martin CD1/8.3 T: Thirteen, I believe, is too young ; Porównaj: are not old enough F: I don t think it s a good reason; Porównaj: can wear what they like. F: the idea is not as silly for many as it used to be; Porównaj: People don t believe T: But we must put an end to the everything goes approach; Porównaj: We shouldn t allow Rozdzia 2 CD1/9 T: Am I right, Simon? Well, up to a point; Porównaj: does not completely agree F: money and time are the main reasons; Porównaj: because it s easier F: so people choose to swim to lose weight or to get fit; Porównaj: doctors have ordered (opinia lekarzy na temat p ywania jest istotna, natomiast stwierdzenie have ordered jest przesadà). T: We ve developed special materials ( ) but it hasn t attracted too many people; Porównaj: Very few people were interested F: The rules have changed a few times; Porównaj: the same as they were in T: The games are not identical, though; Porównaj: There are some differences 7. T: Well, you need special equipment to play the game, which is by no means cheap; Porównaj: you need expensive equipment. 8. F: Well, there are about 2000 players in this country, but most of them are amateurs; Porównaj: 2000 amateurs ze stwierdzenia wyraênie wynika, e nie wszyscy gracze sà amatorami. Rozdzia 3 CD1/10-11 CD1/10 F: have you always wanted to join the circus? Well, no, not really; Porównaj: has always dreamt of working in a circus. No info: zwróç uwag na fragment my father got two free tickets at work and he took me, który nie mówi nam nic na temat zainteresowania pana Perch cyrkiem. F: my father got two free tickets at work and he took me; Porównaj: had to pay for the tickets T: One performance was enough. I left the circus and told my parents I wanted to join the very same night; Porównaj: decision ( ) was very sudden. CD1/11 No info: My mum actually cried when I left (p aka a, us yszawszy o decyzji córki brak informacji na temat jej uczuç, gdy Ms Perch opuêci a dom) T: did you ever stop performing before retiring; Porównaj: is now retired (przejêcie na emerytur jest okreêlone w tekêcie jako fakt ju dokonany.) F: I went back to my home town ( ) but it was with the same circus. This time I was one of the performers; Porównaj: stopped performing T: I can t say I enjoyed (nale y rozumieç: I didn t enjoy) this job very much. T: When you re in a circus, you don t throw away a chance like that; Porównaj: a job she liked more. 6. F: started working on my body, getting it in shape; Porównaj: started ( ) immediately 7. No info: brak informacji na temat tego, czy by to rzeczywiêcie najbardziej niebezpieczny wyst p w ca ej karierze. 8. No info: but there is always a net to catch you if you fall brak informacji, czy dotyczy to rzeczywiêcie pani Perch. Rozdzia 3 CD1/12 B (The basic ingredients are fried eggs and bacon ( ) it can also include fried bread, sausages ) D (All sensitive listeners cover your ears now.) E: (People in the country have been eating ( ) bacon and eggs for centuries. But townspeople switched ( ) to a cooked breakfast only in the 19 th century.) G (Is this traditional breakfast popular today? Unfortunately, no.) I ( if cooked properly ( ) full of protein ( ) help the mind and body to work better.) Uwaga: nast pujàce odpowiedzi nie wyst pujà w nagraniu: A zwróç uwag na wskazówk z sekcji Helping Hand H choç ta odpowiedê mo e wydawaç si oczywista, to s owo fat jest u yte w kontekêcie przygotowania posi ków, a nie zawartoêci t uszczu w poszczególnych produktach (nie mo na wi c dokonaç porównania). F informacja o kawie i herbacie pojawia si w kontekêcie przesz oêci kiedyê ludzie nie mieli zwyczaju picia kawy i herbaty, gdy by y one zbyt drogie. C nie pojawia si informacja, e black pudding jest popularny na wsi. Pojawia si natomiast tylko ogólne stwierdzenie, e jest on popularny w pewnych obszarach Wielkiej Brytanii. Rozdzia 1 CD1/13-15 CD1/13 English and maths 4% ask the government to do something about the situation CD1/13 A odpowiedê poprawna: more time on English and maths ; B, C, D odpowiedzi b dne: more time is spent on English and maths than on languages, history and geography. A odpowiedê poprawna: rose from 26 to almost 30%; B odpowiedê b dna: time spent on maths rose from 20% to 22%; C odpowiedê b dna: time spent on science fell from 10% to 8.5%; D odpowiedê b dna: 10% refers to the amount of time spent on science. D odpowiedê poprawna: ask the government to specify how much time should be spent on each subject in primary schools; A odpowiedê b dna: healthy citizens of a healthy society; B odpowiedê b dna: they also need to know about history and geography; C odpowiedê b dna: children need to be able to read, write and count but they also need to know. CD1/14 introduce words and numbers to them. It depends on a child. bring better results. Zadanie egzaminacyjne CD1/15 D odpowiedê poprawna: two-hour test, followed by a short essay; A odpowiedê b dna: old exams were badly organised ( ) needed to change that; B odpowiedê b dna: two-hour test plus the time for the essay; C odpowiedê b dna: no longer check only their knowledge of literature C odpowiedê poprawna: is also going to be much fairer; A odpowiedê b dna: every paper and test ( ) marked by two teachers; B odpowiedê b dna: won t depend on whether the teacher liked him or not ; D: brak informacji w tekêcie nagrania. A odpowiedê poprawna: If you forget your ID, you will not be able to sit the examination.; B, C, D odpowiedzi b dne: aden z wymienionych powodów nie pociàga za sobà dyskwalifikacji na egzaminie. D odpowiedê poprawna: osoba mówiàca wyraênie ostrzega swoich studentów i udziela im rad; A, B odpowiedzi b dne: ani rodzice, ani uczniowie nie udzielajà instrukcji na temat zdawania egzaminu; C odpowiedê b dna: egzaminator (invigilator) jest wymieniony w osobie. Rozdzia 2 CD1/16 Zadanie egzaminacyjne C odpowiedê poprawna: Although its name suggests ( ), it really has very mild weather; A, B, C odpowiedzi b dne: sugerowane tylko nazwà kraju, lecz niezgodne z przedstawionymi informacjami. B odpowiedê poprawna: storms, both in winter and summer; A odpowiedê b dna: brak informacji w tekêcie; C odpowiedê b dna: hardly any sudden downpours; D odpowiedê b dna: no flash floods. C odpowiedê poprawna: the most striking of all are the volcanoes; A, B, D odpowiedzi b dne: wszystkie te odpowiedzi zosta y tylko wymienione jako elementy zró nicowanego krajobrazu Islandii. C odpowiedê poprawna: The total population is only 280,000; A, D odpowiedzi b dne: brak informacji na temat liczby ludnoêci w Irlandii; B: 100,000 to informacja na temat obszaru Islandii. D odpowiedê poprawna: adding the words son or dottir to the father s first name; A, B odpowiedzi b dne: imi matki nie zosta o wymienione w tekêcie; C odpowiedê b dna: przyrostek son jest u ywany w przypadku dzieci p ci m skiej. 6. B odpowiedê poprawna: u ywa si imienia ojca dziecka; A odpowiedê b dna: imiona u ywane sà przez ca y czas; C odpowiedê b dna: imiona by y i nadal sà w u yciu; D odpowiedê b dna: tekst jedynie opisuje uk ad ksià ki telefonicznej. 20
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