1 TRANSLATION & USE OF ENGLISH 30 PKT 1. Według mnie, jutrzejsza debata może okazać się [=TURN OUT] raczej mało znaczącym wydarzeniem, chyba że (co jednak rzadko ma miejsce) będzie nadawana na żywo. debate insignificant case) 2. Coś podobnego przydarzyło się mojemu kuzynowi Dawidowi, który, będąc na wakacjach w Australii, rozciął sobie nogę na rafie koralowej. Gdyby nie był szczepiony [=VACCINATE], mógłby stracić nogę na skutek zakażenia albo nawet mógłby już nie żyć. happened who, reef. infection or 3. Oczywiście nie pytaliśmy Klaudii, której chyba bardzo odpowiadało bycie jedynaczką i która powitała pojawienie się Marka niezbyt entuzjastycznie, delikatnie mówiąc. Of course, seemed happy child and who greeted least. 4. To prawdziwy absurd, jeden z wielu, w polskim prawie podatkowym, że nie można zapisać w testamencie konkretnego przedmiotu, np portretu Kossaka, konkretnemu spadkobiercy It is a in the Polish inheritance law, bequeathe a specific, e.g. a inheritor in 5. Kiedy ja byłem na Akademii, modelom i modelkom pozującym do aktów płaciło się niewielkie honorarium. Ściśle przestrzeganą [=OBSERVE] regułą było to, że nie wolno do tego zatrudniać nieletnich. When I was at the Academy, models posing fee. strictly minors that.
2 6. W pewnym momencie sam byłem zdumiony widząc, że 99 procent tego, co mówiono na temat wypadku, było po prostu nieprawdą. Rzecz jasna, tabloidy kolportowały wszystkie te kłamstwa z dużymi szczegółami. At one point, amazed to false. But, of course, tabloids circulated all in 7. Nie mogliśmy liczyć na pomoc mojego brata przyrodniego, ponieważ Adam wyemigrował do Nowej Zelandii zaraz po trzydziestce i od tego czasu nie miał kontaktu z resztą rodziny., because Adam in and touch with 8. Czy mógłbyś mi, proszę, wytłumaczyć [=EXPLAIN], jak zaczęła się ta pogłoska? Bo znając pannę Gray tak jak ja, uważam, że jest raczej niemożliwe, by powiedziała coś takiego. Could rumour Because, as, I think it rather 9. Nie opowiadaj, że zakwaterowanie dla młodych lekarzy jest nieważne. Czy chciałbyś, by cię leczył ktoś, kto się porządnie nie wyspał i jest zmęczony albo nie może się umyć od dwu dni? that accommodation for junior doctors Would properly and or two days? 10. Po wejściu w romans z młodszą koleżanką z pracy, w końcu rozwiódł się z długoletnią żoną. Czy zasługuje [=DESERVE] na to, by go potępić jako osobę? No, moim zdaniem tak. Having eventually an individual? 11. Jest faktem, że internetowe opinie od użytkowników, którzy jeszcze nie opanowali [=MASTER] działania nowo wprowadzonego wyrobu, mogą spowodować masę kłopotów dla producenta. Ale nazywanie takich ludzi rozrabiakami internetowymi to może jednak przesada. The fact is that internet opinions the operation of product deal the manufacturer. Calling internet troublemakers excessive,
3 12. Bardziej nieoficjalne ale znane motto, również wprowadzone przez de Coubertina,to Najważniejsze nie jest wygrać, ale brać udział. Coubertin wziął to motto z kazania biskupa Pensylwanii podczas londyńskich Igrzysk w informal but by de Coubertin, "The De Coubertin got this from a sermon by during 13. Co do silników samochodowych, w nie tak odległej przyszłości, wszystkie pojazdy, których emisja przekroczy [=EXCEED] pewien wymagany poziom, będą zapewne obłożone [=CHARGE] dużym podatkiem po to, by całkowicie wyeliminować je z ruchu. As regards, in emissions required level likely order off the road 14. Dużo z tego, co moja siostra robiła na studiach, to było coś w rodzaju popisywania się. Kiedyś udawała, że spotyka się z Jay Andersem, naszym czołowym bramkarzem, a nawet, że odrzuciła jego oświadczyny. A lot ego boosting. At one to our top, and
4 VOCABULARY 30 PKT 1. It s better if you say it in a _ a _ manner without dressing it up with fancy words. 2. The Nazis unconditional r ending the war in Europe was signed on 8 May In t _ of a poor harvest of cereals, people started to stock up on flour. 4. He is rather short, which puts him at a _ a when it comes to fighting against opponents with longer arms. 5. The of Cancer is north of the Equator. 6. He couldn t drive because after the crash he had his right arm on a _. 7. Statistics show that women are t men in overall educational attainment, e.g. women are more likely to graduate from college. 8. His poor work record, lack of skills and no education make him _ m. He shouldn t even consider applying. 9. I asked her why, but she just her shoulders as if to say I was stupid. 10. The _ i oak tree standing in the middle of a large meadow was the only place where we could rest in the shade. 11. In the case of the letter, it was easy to detect r, because the paper was found to have been made just 20 years ago. 12. When the teacher s chair collapsed the girls burst with l _. 13. Until the 16th century, the peninsula was a _ r populated area of swamps and moors. 14. He was extremely lucky in his adventures and many times escaped death by a hair s _ a _. 15. Each item is _ d _ by one of our artisans. Nothing here is machine made. 16. There were stains on the ceiling because of the _ k _ roof. 17. Her skin and eye whites turned yellow, so it was easy to diagnose her condition as _ n. 18. Under the July sun morning dew rapidly. 19. A ferry service assures transport between both islands and the _ n. 20. In recognition of his great contribution, John was given the i of presenting the final report to the Governor. 21. After retiring from active service, Col.Norton lectures on the tactics of guerrilla r at a military college. 22. _ d _ are forest birds that make holes in trees with their beaks looking for worms. 23. Messalina was so t unfaithful to her husband that her name became a symbol of promiscuity and infidelity. 24. If the car had hit that tree, we would have become another _ t tale on how not to drive on icy surfaces. 25. Feminists are pressing for legislation that would remedy the supposed b in the ratio of men to women in top political positions. 26. Machine guns are far more t _ than ordinary rifles. Their use in World War 1 led to a true hecatomb of soldiers. 27. After Max Jonas was severely _ r _ by his fellow divers for taking excessive risks, he promised that would never happen again. 28. We are preparing a big _ d _ event for the charity organization Feed the Children. 29. His w _ face showed he hadn t expected such a reaction and didn t know what to do about it. 30. If done by hand, embroidery is a very _ o _ task; it may take a month to make a small square of embroidered cloth.
5 Choose the single best option: READING Cassandra Devine knows how to solve the coming "entitlements" crisis, preordained when the 77 million baby boomers begin hitting 65 in 2011: Pay retirees to kill themselves, a program she calls "transitioning." Volunteers could receive a lavish vacation beforehand ("a farewell honeymoon"), courtesy of the government, and their heirs would be spared the estate tax. If only 20 percent of boomers select suicide before the age of 70, she says, "Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid will be solvent. End of crisis." Okay, Devine is a 29-year-old fictional blogger in Christopher Buckley's satirical novel "Boomsday." Infuriated at the injustices awaiting her generation, she becomes an instant media celebrity with a gift for incendiary rhetoric. "Someone my age will have to spend their entire life paying unfair taxes, just so the Boomers can hit the golf course at sixty-two and drink gin and tonics until they're ninety," she tells one TV reporter. Her plan, once in cyberspace, incites spontaneous uprisings. In Florida, "several hundred people in their twenties stormed the gates of a retirement community.... Residents were assaulted as they played golf." 1. The text shows... A/ how NOT to use the internet B/ how a silly idea was put into practice C/ a case of effectively organizing people into action D/ the combined strength of the internet and the media 2. If Cassandra s plan were to be put into practice... A/ all young people would profit twice B/ all young people would profit; some of them twice C/ only some young people would profit D/ every member of society would profit 3. As regards the incident in Florida, Cassandra... A/ can be taken to court C/ can be linked to its origin B/ bears direct moral responsibility for it D/ could have prevented it 4. The idea of the plan is to... A/ support euthanasia of the elderly B/ increase government spending to eventually reduce it C/ impose euthanasia on the elderly D/ make the retired people share the tax burden 5. Buckley s novel... A/ tackles existing problems in a utopian way B/ is placed in a completely unreal world C/ satirizes excesses of freedom of speech D/ shows how the real world would tackle a ficticious problem 15pt
6 Financial ability isn't our only concern, however; we're convinced that young people are simply incapable of adult responsibility. We expect that they will have poor control of their impulses, be selfcentered and emotional, and be incapable of visualizing consequences. (It's odd that kids thought to be too irresponsible for marriage are expected instead to practice heroic abstinence or diligent contraception.) The assumption of teen irresponsibility has broader roots than just our estimation of the nature of adolescence; it involves our very idea of the purpose of childhood. Until a century or so ago, it was presumed that children were in training to be adults. From early years children helped keep the house or tend the family business or farm, assuming more responsibility each day. By late teens, children were ready to graduate to full adulthood, a status they received as an honor. How early this transition might begin is indicated by the number of traditional religious and social coming-of-age ceremonies that are administered at ages as young as 12 or 13. But we no longer think of children as adults-in-progress. Childhood is no longer a training ground but a playground, and because we love our children and feel nostalgia for our own childhoods, we want them to be able to linger there as long as possible. We cultivate the idea of idyllic, carefree childhood, and as the years for education have stretched so have the bounds of that playground, so that we expect even "kids" in their mid-to-late twenties to avoid settling down. Again, it's not that people that age couldn't be responsible; their ancestors were. It's that anyone, offered a chance to kick back and play, will generally seize the opportunity. If our culture assumed that 50-year-olds would take a year-long break from responsibility, have all their expenses paid by someone else, spend their time having fun and making forgivable mistakes, our malls would be overrun by middle-aged delinquents. 6. The text assumes that in the modern world adults are... A/ morally inferior to children B/ morally superior to children C/ as irresponsible as children D/ more responsible than children 7. The cultural change that has occurred... A/ has stressed individual responsibility B/ is delaying young people s social maturity C/ is due solely to better education D/ has made us look at childhood differently 8. The text suggests that prior to the cultural change... A/ religion played a greater role in achieving maturity B/ children were more dependent on adults C/ childhood was secondary to adulthood D/ life was considerably harder for children 9. Which of these statements concerning the cultural change finds support in the text? A/ Human nature remains basically unchanged. B/ A major sexualisation of adolescence has occurred. C/ Human nature has been dramatically changed. D/ People have become less religious.
7 OOOOOOO 10. There are a number of interlocking reasons for this rise in unwed childbearing, but one factor must surely be that when the rise too high, some people simply parachute out. It's one thing to ask fidgety kids to abstain until they finish high school at 18. When the expectation instead is to wait until 25 or 27, many will decline to wait at all. A/ standards inherited from older generations B/ requirements presumed necessary for marriage C/ costs of, say, even a relatively modest reception D/ societal tensions for hormonal teens 11. He says the problem with such Neanderthals -- and there are lots of us -- is based on what we know from the recent past. This naturally colors the way we see the present. A/ that we evaluate everything new C/ a kind of retrograde fervor B/ a reluctance to go beneath the surface D/ some stereotypic adherence 12. It's obvious that Steven Johnson likes books; he chooses in one. He even invokes the dictum bequeathed by the ancient Greeks that moderation should govern behavior. And so it should. A/ not to criticize authors C/ to make his case B/ his most revered authors D/ to list individual top ten 13. Women should feel insulted by this debate. Not because of the study's findings, but because of the that women are too delicate to hear anything questioning the superiority of their sex. A/ reaction to the study which assumes B/ often neglected stereotype C/ authors tacit understanding D/ researchers failure to see as odd 14. His honorable conduct continued for years, away from the blaze of publicity would now the political elite. Like the population at large it has little, if any, sense of personal honor but a lively sense of personal advantage. A/ provoke some mild rebuke in B/ be a highly divisive issue for C/ make little or no sense notwithstanding D/ be almost inconceivable among 15. I looked down the road and up it. Repeated plowings had left the snow berms so high that like a bobsled run with white walls taller than a person. A/ the slipping front wheels whined B/ the narrow topmost path looked C/ driving along increasingly seemed D/ the tire-packed track in between was
8 READING & WRITING 30 PKT Wpisz brakujące litery w miejsce kresek. Wykreślone zostały zawsze drugie części wyrazów ani jedno słowo nie zostało wykreślone w całości. Zacznij od przeczytania całego tekstu. Stephen awoke at about 5.30 a.m. He seemed to have been heavily, dreamlessly asleep, but as soon as he came to, his nightmare started again. He forced himself to use his mind constructively, to put the past firmly behind him and see what he could do about the future. He was _, sha _, dressed and mis _ college brea _, peda _ to Oxford on his anc bicycle, the pref _ mo of transpo _ in a city blo solid with jugge _ lorries in one-way sys. He le the bicycle padl _ to t station rail. There we a_ many bicycles stan in the ra _ as th _ are ca in ot _ railway stat. He cau _ the 8.17 so favo by th _ who com from Oxford to London ev _ d. All t people hav _ breakfast see _ to kn each ot _ and Stephen fe li an unin _ guest a_ a pa _. The ticket collector bus through the buf _ c and cli Stephen's first-class tic _. The man oppo Stephen prod a second-class tic _ from beh _ his co of the Financial Times. The collector clipped i_ grudg _. 'Ha to go ba to a second-class compa when you've fini your breakfast, s. The resta _ c is fi _ cl _, you know. Stephen consi _ the impli of these rem, watching the fl Berkshire count jolt pa as his coffee-cup lur unsampled in its sau _ before he tur _ to t morning pap _. The Times car no ne o_ Prospecta Oil th mor. It w, he supp, only a little st _, ev a dull o. Just ano shady business enter _ coll _ in double-quick order, not kid _ or ar _ or ev rape: nothing th _ to ho the atte _ of the fr _ page for lo. Not a st _ he wo _ have gi _ a second tho to b for his o invol, which ga it a the makings of a pers tragedy. A_ Paddington he pus _ thr the ants rushing ro _ the fore _. He w gl he h cho _ the closeted li of Oxford o_, more accur _, that it h cho _ him. He h ne _ come to te _ with London he fo _ it la _ and imper _, and he alw _ took a ta every _ for fe of get lo on the bu _ or the under. Why ever didn't they number their streets so Americans would know where they were? 'The Times office, Printing House Square. The cabby nodded and moved his black Austin deftly down the Bayswater Road, alongside a rain-sodden Hyde Park. The crocuses at Marble Arch looked sullen and battered, splayed wetly on the close grass. Adapted from Not a Penny More, Not a Penny Less by Jeffrey Archer